Lipscomb University

Christian Scholars' Conference

Paper Abstracts

Ronald Allen, Christian Theological Seminary, “Invitation: Preaching from the Perspective of Process Theology”

Process theology proposes a distinct theological way of looking at the world and of thinking about the nature and power of God and the human response . Process theology puts forward a distinctive way of thinking about the sermon consistent with process presuppositions: preaching as invitation. The preacher invites the congregation into conversation about what God offers and what God asks. This paper will briefly review the main lines of process thought that are especially important for preaching and will then draw out the notion of preaching as invitation.

Melissa Atkinson, Abilene Christian University, “The Pursuit of Lifelong Learning Through Information Literacy: Development, Results, and Practical Implications of a Metaliteracy Course for Online Doctoral Students”

The term metaliteracy, a shift from the term information literacy, incorporates multiple literacies such as digital, media, and visual literacy as well as metacognitive principles to promote lifelong learning concepts and skills. Metaliteracy goals and learning objectives emphasize the fluid and shifting nature of information, collaboratorive environments, using and creating information in a responsible manner, and developing lifelong learning skills using metacognitive strategies. This presentation will focus on the development of a metaliteracy course for online doctoral students that used a pretest/posttest design measuring metaliteracy goals and analyzed the relationship to a scale that measures metacognitive strategies.

Jim Beck, Lubbock Christian University, “Cultivating Incarnational Mission Practices: The Necessity of Vulnerability in Building Cross-cultural Friendships”

The challenging line between partnerships and friendships has often been misunderstood in Western mission’s influence across the globe. Western dominance and supposed exceptionalism creates unrealized barriers in developing cross-cultural relationships. Reflecting on thirty-four years of experience living and working in missions and development alongside the Mijikenda people on the North Coast of Kenya, I consider some unique obstacles of moving cross-cultural partnerships to cross-cultural friendships. Special consideration is given to the contextual realities of present missions paradigms of relationship building in light of Hofstede’s Power Distance Index.

Frank V. Bellizzi, Amarillo College, “‘Athens of the Panhandle’: A Brief History of Hereford College, 1902-1911”

“Hereford Will Soon Be the Educational Center of the Plains.” The headline of the local newspaper for July 19, 1901, captured some of the excitement. The leaders of Hereford, a brand new town in far northwest Texas, were nothing if not ambitious. Now, they had a new ally. Randolph Clark, co-founder of what is now Texas Christian University, had recently visited Hereford. He encouraged townspeople to establish a college, and he agreed to serve as the school's first president. This presentation will explore the brief, but intriguing history of Hereford College, which was for a time affiliated with TCU and called Panhandle Christian College.

Carisse Mickey Berryhill, Abilene Christian University, “Here is Water: Allegory and Acceptance of Baptistery Murals in Mid-20th Century Churches of Christ”

Blanche Garrett Perry (1890-1981) painted more than 200 river-scape murals for baptisteries in Churches of Christ between 1937 and 1960. To mediate her artistic vision to her own religious community Perry accompanied each painting with a detailed typed allegorical interpretation which linked depicted items with scripture texts. The interpretation would be read by a male speaker or distributed in print when the painting was unveiled, frequently at the dedication of a new or remodeled church building and adorned the baptistery, the focal point of the church’s distinctive practice of immersion.

Carisse Mickey Berryhill, Abilene Christian University, “‘Read and Forget Us Not’: The History of Lockney Christian College, 1894-1918”

Founded in 1894 in Lockney, Texas, near the center of Floyd County by St. Clair Smith and Charley Walker Smith, Lockney Christian College was intended first as a high school to “prepare your children for the practical duties of life.” As the town of Lockney grew, so did the school, eventually offering college level classes. It succumbed in 1918 to a complex of national and local political, economic, and religious pressures. Family sources and rare photographs offer a very personal glimpse of the life and work of Charley Walker Smith (1855-1937) and his family, still involved in Christian churches and colleges today.

Marcy Binkley, Lipscomb University; and Leanne Smith, Lipscomb University; “Women in Business: Posturing for Gender Differences in the Workplace”

Business schools should address gender differences in the workplace more intentionally in curriculum. One special topics course at a sister university plans to do just that. In this proposed one-hour lecture course, local business leaders will be invited to share in conversations about the workplace and women’s place in it. Students in the class will look at case studies of both historic and modern-day female leaders. Specific topics will include gender-specific communication, leadership styles, mediation, wage discrepancy, sexual misconduct, flexible work arrangements, entrepreneurship and equity funding for women.

Andrew Borchers and Joseph Bamber, Lipscomb University, “Revisiting the Purpose of Business”

As Christian business leaders pursue goodness and truth in their professions, a vexing question they face is “What is the purpose of business?”  In this paper, the authors revisit a set of answers given over the past 50 years.  They begin with the classic 1970 essay by Milton Friedman “The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase Its Profits”.  Frequently cited in the academic literature and a core assumption of many business textbooks, this statement has been widely challenged as writers developed an expanded view of the stakeholder theory of the corporation (Donaldson and Preston, 1995). 

Amanda Boston, Lubbock Christian University, “Chemistry and Running”

Runners are a unique breed. They can talk and think about food and running for hours on end, but they may not understand the underlying chemistry and biochemistry linked to their training and performance. Successful completion of races that are marathon distance and farther requires knowledge about metabolic pathways, nutritional needs, and proper recovery methods during training and on race day. There are a lot of information and opinions about proper diet and training to optimize performance. Current research, fads, and personal anecdotes related to nutrition and training will be presented in this session.

Cathy Box, and Carlos PerezLubbock Christian University, “Consider the Journey: Conceptual Change in Learning Scholars as Part of a Learning Academy”

One of the most difficult barriers that universities face is providing effective faculty development that motivates, equips, and empowers instructors to make the shift from traditional to learner-centered instruction. The Learning Academy at LCU was designed to address this challenge. The Academy offers training in metacognition, incremental theories of intelligence, and creating learner-centered environments that support them. In order to ascertain the effectiveness of the program, we conducted a Narrative Qualitative study to investigate the faculty member’s journey through their Learning Academy experience. This session will provide data from the study and reveal factors that constrain or facilitate faculty growth.

John H. Boyles, Suzie Macaluso and Amanda Jo Pittman, Abilene Christian University, “Journeys of Faith: Spiritual Formation of First Year Students at ACU”

Thousands of freshmen enter Christian colleges each year. What kind of faith do these students bring with them, and what happens for them across that first year? We explored these questions in a mixed methods research project. This presentation shares key findings about students’ engagement with the Bible, the depth and breadth of their Christian practice, and the persistence of faith across domains of their life. We conclude by developing some important implications of this research for the work of spiritual formation on Christian college campuses.

Laura Brandenburg and Karen Beth Strovas, Wayland Baptist University, “In the Beginning Was Grammar: Uniting Grammar and Faith in the English Classroom”

Our Creator developed in us a pre-wired system for language’s grammar so complex and innate that composition scholars have argued whether grammar should be taught and if yes, how. After entering the on-going conversation regarding grammar pedagogy, we will provide our own rationale for teaching grammar and explore some of the ways grammar lessons in the college English classroom can be useful occasions for the integration of Christian faith and learning. Our presentation may prove useful to any educator who seeks a fresh, inspiring way to discuss the nuts, bolts, and even the divinity of language.

Drew Brandon, California State University, Bakersfield, “The Three Ps of Academia: Sharing Knowledge Through Papers, Posters, and Presentations”

California State University, Bakersfield offers the CHEM X900 series of classes at the sophomore, junior, and senior level. Students use writing to think through ethics and to speak through academic papers. At the sophomore level, students explore ethical problems at the intersection of pragmatism, societal impact, and professional standards, addressing issues appearing in academia and industry. Assignments of a focused research paper, poster presentation, and short talk incorporate skills used in the final two classes. The junior and senior classes hone students’ research skills, culminating in a 45-minute talk, producing an independent researcher ready for graduate school or industry.

Todd M. Brenneman, Faulkner University, “Puff Graham?: Contemporary Evangelicalism and the News”

Evangelicals have had a complicated history with news since their origins in the eighteenth century. Evangelicals have used the news in service of promoting the evangelical variety of Christianity. Opponents of evangelicalism have used the news to examine the movement, and oftentimes its failings.  This paper examines contemporary evangelicalism through four moments in the past century: coverage of the Scopes trial, the development of neo-evangelicalism, the year of the evangelical, and the rise of Donald Trump’s candidacy.  Such an investigation will explore the uneasy relationship evangelicals have with the news and what the future of evangelicalism might look like.

Brady Bryce, Abilene Christian University, “Comparing the Academy and Church's Expectations of What a Minister Should Know”

Most conversations about how the church and academy cultivate wisdom focus on historical interpretations or anecdotal stories.  The grounded research in this paper provides actual data comparing respondent expectations for minister knowledge. These respondents serve as professors, ministers, church leaders, and members primarily in Church of Christ institutions across the United States. This phase of research cross-tabulates the data on knowledge expectations for ministers across both respondents’ profession and role in church.  The results identify points of similarity and disparity between professors and ministers, church leaders and members.

Orneita Burton, Abilene Christian University, “When Objects Speak: An Action Research Business Approach to Establishing a Community Practice for Supporting Psychosocial Needs in America”

This work utilizes action research to understand societal problems faced by demographic groups challenged with perceived and/or real threats of being “objects” in society. Object Theory has been used to explain how physical objects inform us of past realities, while Object Relations Theory and psychodynamic theories inform the process of developing a psyche to understand how people are shaped by situations, past experiences, and interactions with others. In this study, we evaluate real-life experiences through photo-centric research to personify Object Theory and create a business approach to guide a community of practice for people to transcend object-based identities.

Thomas D. Cairns, Azusa Pacific University, “The Parable of the Sower: A Faith-Learning Integration”

As Christian educators, we acknowledge there is no widespread agreement on how to integrate faith and learning. However, we can agree that if faith-learning integration is to occur there needs to be theological reflection, biblical interpretation, and practical application. According to Chewning, faith-learning can only ensue through advancing an understanding of the relationship between the Christian faith and human knowledge, as expressed in the various academic disciplines. This paper deliberately shows the compatibility of The Parable of the Sower (often referred to as the Parable of the Soils), and Situational Leadership Theory, to deliver a practical example of faith-learning integration.

Brian Calfano, University of Cincinnati, “Let Expedience Be Your Guide: The Secular Sea Change of American Evangelicals”

White evangelical Protestants, once reliably Democratic voters, realigned to the Republican Party under the Reagan coalition. Through the late 2000s, it appeared that politically active evangelicals, ostensibly animated by liberal policies on abortion, gay rights, and school prayer, brought a religiously-informed expectation of “proper” conduct by politicians to secular politics. But evangelicals’ fervent and continued support of Donald Trump shows that expedience guides most of today’s white evangelical activity. Drawing on polling data and an analysis of political activity patterns and evangelical media, this presentation helps make sense of this evangelical sea change toward political secularism.   

Chuck Capps, Lipscomb University; Bart Liddle, Lipscomb University, and Leanne Smith, Lipscomb University, “Servant Leadership: What it is, Why it Matters”

At Lipscomb University, Servant Leadership has become the guiding philosophy for good leadership practices in general. Specifically, six principles, based on the work of Dirk van Dierendonck, make up Lipscomb’s servant leadership philosophy: knowing yourself and others, providing direction, empowering others, being authentic, being humble, and having integrity, values and character. Students typically begin the course with cursory knowledge about these behaviors. Yet through academic instruction, practical experience, and active reflection a deeper understanding is developed.  Most importantly, students learn how to apply servant leader principles in their personal and professional lives.  

Bill Carroll, Abilene Christian University, “In Our Own Image: The Aesthetic Argument of Oscar Wilde’s “The Happy Prince”

Nearly everything written by Oscar Wilde engaged aesthetics. In his work, Wilde stakes a claim for art that its use and its value derives neither from its association with the true and the good, nor its value as a commodity or to reify cultural or political allegiances.  Judged as he would have them judged, objects of art are a sacred medium because they have the capacity to break the human tendency towards solipsism. Working primarily from Wilde’s fairy tale “The Happy Prince,” I argue that Wilde believes art can release us from continually refashioning the world in our own image.

Neal Coates and Sean Evans, Abilene Christian University and Union University, “The Political Awakening:  Members of the Church of Christ in Congress”

This paper is an attempt to create and present a comprehensive list of members of the Churches of Christ who have served in either the U.S. Senate or House of Representatives. Through the use of government databases, Pew research, and other resources, a quantitative and historical account of this branch of the Restoration Movement’s direct involvement at the highest level of representative democracy is described.  In the process, a number of accounts of outstanding public service are captured and discussed.  The paper will conclude with a call for more members of the Church to participate in government to advance His kingdom in the political world.

Michael Crouch, Vanderbilt University, “Beauty Found in the Dismal Science: Economics Integrated in the Liberal Arts Curriculum”

Why has economics been used as a value-making tool rather than as a values-shaping tool? Is economics simply a study of resource allocation focused on financial capital or does the discipline have a set of values and ethics? This paper will consider the implications of “thinking economically” for “Wisdom, Goodness, Truth, and Beauty,” using some of the prescribed Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) sub-fields of economics as guideposts. This paper will offer classroom-level guidance for integrating economics/business instruction with the liberal art curriculum or through classes that are purposefully interdisciplinary.

Ken Cukrowski, Abilene Christian University, “The Other Disciple Outran Peter (John 20:4): Theological Reflection on the Body, Spiritual Formation, and Endurance Exercise”

What does the history of Christian theology contribute to an understanding of endurance events such as marathons and ultra-marathons? In response to this question, this paper draws from three theological traditions: 1) a theology of the body with a focus on evidence from the New Testament; 2) spiritual formation; and 3) the wisdom tradition. While there is much to commend about the intersection between faith and endurance events, the Christian tradition also highlights pitfalls to avoid.

Sarah Dannemiller, Abilene Christian University, “Spiritual Formation as Empowerment for Women in the Church and Academy”

How might spiritual formation empower fragmented women within the church and the academy? I argue that spiritual formation integrates the fragmented self so that one may come to identify with the true self. In this paper, I will unpack what disenfranchisement looks like for women by drawing upon recent ethnographical and epistemological research. I will then inform the implications of this research with a brief excursus into a metaphysical account of the self. This philosophical account coupled with recent literature within the spiritual senses will yield a more precise discussion of how spiritual formation empowers women.

Doug Dendy, Toby Brooks, Kerry Gilbert, and K. Panasci, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Perspectives on Faith and Building Professionalism in Health Sciences Curriculum: Limitations and Opportunities in Public Universities”

Whether Christian private schools or public universities there is a need to build professionalism and faith with millennial students. The purpose of this presentation is to highlight what is being done in the TTUHSC Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) Program to build professionalism and how faith has developed with some faculty.  In the summer of 2011 the DPT program started a professional development portfolio (PDP).  The goals of this program were to enhance student professionalism, increase student’s enrolment in state and national physical therapy associations, and to enhance faculty mentorship practices.  During the presentation PDP outcomes and case scenarios of faith building will be described.  

Kipi Fleming, Abilene Christian University; Kristin Koetting O'Byrne, Abilene Christian University; Lori Anne Shaw, Abilene Christian University; “How Conflict Management Training Affects the Personal Lives of Students”

As Christian conflict management and resolution educators, we see ourselves going one step beyond training conflict management specialists; we train peacemakers. Although students' training should theoretically prepare them for work, in our recent study, we found it has profoundly impacted their personal growth. However, there are many scholars that question the impact of online learning especially for helping professions. In our panel, we will present the results of our study on personal and professional growth associated with online conflict resolution training. We also discuss how we have attempted to leverage technology to facilitate personal growth as well as professional growth.

Jennifer Gray, Oklahoma Christian University,Competency-Based Education for Health Professions”

Competency-based education involves using the achievement of behavioral outcomes as the criterion for progression. This innovative approach was used to redesign Oklahoma Christian’s RN to BSN curriculum. Nine competencies with 45 sub-competences were linked to existing courses. Students move through the content and the competencies at their own pace. As competencies are achieved, the linked courses are placed on the student’s transcripts. Lessons have been learned as we reconceptualized the course objectives as competencies, developed pre- and post-assessments, and prepared content modules. Additional information about faculty roles and workload will also be shared during the presentation.

Ryan Griggs, Universidad Francisco Marroquín,Aesthetics & Economics: The Biblical Foundations and Beauty of the Not-so-Dismal Science”

This paper isolates fundamental conditions of human action as established within the "Austrian" tradition, specifically in Prof. Murray Rothbard's treatise Man, Economy, and State, and examines the connection between them and the biblical, Christian origin and structure of reality. Whereas writers -- often appropriately -- identify the science of economics as "value-free," this paper discusses the moral (or aesthetic) implications for economic science of the aforementioned linkage (or integration) of biblical creation and economic regularities. I discuss consequences for both pedagogy (secular vs. spiritual) and methodology (comprehensive vs. compartmentalized) in economic teaching and study.

Kenneth Hawley, Lubbock Christian University, “Divine Wisdom and Profane Reason in Early Modern Translations of The Consolation of Philosophy

Viewing the Consolation as a work of both philosophy and theology, translators have often been true believers (in God, in Boethius, and in the comforts to be found in the love of wisdom), encouraging and exhorting those struggling to believe in the God of Boethius’s universe. This presentation will consider the early modern translations by T.R. (1584, current project) and Henry Somerset, Duke of Beaufort (1693, published 2016), examining the anxious attention given to the orthodoxy and influence of their author and his most famous work.

Jeremy Hegi, Lubbock Christian University, “Sarah Andrews and Iki Naemura: A Case Study on the Role of Friendship in the Creation of Transnational Christian Traditions”

Between 1919 and 1955, Sarah Andrews (1892-1961), a single Churches of Christ missionary woman, planted four churches in the Shizuoka Prefecture of Japan. While Andrews often relied on the aid of male Japanese preachers to help her establish new congregations, her close working friendship with Iki Naemura, her Japanese Christian co-worker, was indispensable to her success as a missionary. In this paper, I explore Andrews’s and Naemura’s work as a case study that illustrates the role cross-cultural friendships played in the establishment of transnational Christian networks that aided in the rise of World Christianity during the twentieth century.

Kristine G. Hoang Lipscomb University College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Jared Rhoades, FMS Foundation, Waterloo, NY, Salvador Cordova, Sackler Institute for Comparative Genomics, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, Chase W. Nelson, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, and Joseph E. Deweese, Lipscomb University College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences and Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, “Progress Toward Mapping the Domain Functions of the C-terminus of Human Type II Topoisomerases”

Type II topoisomerases are critical enzymes that help alleviate knots and tangles in DNA. Humans produce two versions of topoisomerase II, which differ primarily at the end of the protein called the C-terminus. These two versions serve different functions in the nucleus, and it has been suggested that these activities are mediated by the differences in the C-terminus. Evidence indicates significant differences in protein-protein interactions, post-translational modifications, and amino acid composition between the C-termini of the two human isoforms of topoisomerase II. We propose these differences may be used for selective targeting strategies in anticancer therapeutics. 

Shawn Hughes, Lubbock Christian University, “Worship Media in a Changing Environment: An Examination of the Use of Media in the Church of Christ”

This paper provides an examination of the use of media in worship in a Church of Christ.  Specifically, the focus is on the Monterey Church of Christ in Lubbock, Texas as it transitions to a dual format worship style.  Breaking with a tradition, the church began an instrumental worship assembly in 2012 combined with a more traditional a cappella worship assembly.  This paper combines autoethnographic research with in-depth interviews to provide a qualitative examination of this church in transition. The theoretical framework is the Limited Capacity Model of Motivated Mediated Message Processing (LC4MP).

Robert Jackson Jr., Lipscomb University, “Frenemies: Can Seminary and the Local Church Coexist as Schools of Wisdom?”

When we mistreat disinherited people, it speaks loudly about how followers of Jesus understand God. This mistreatment of others starts when we set limits on God. Our ideologies and practices tend to interpret Scripture for us instead of allowing the Spirit to help us to understand by way of our experiences. Sometimes the church’s view can impede the theological progress that is taught in seminary. On the other hand, seminary has the tendency to negate the importance of the local church. This paper will explore how these two “schools of wisdom” can coexist to further the Kingdom’s Mission.

Stephen Kyle Johnson, Boston University, “James Baldwin and Demons: A Theological Reading”

Many have sought to read James Baldwin, in both his prose and novels, as a theological thinker. In line with this interpretive tradition, this paper traces James Baldwin’s use of the demonic as a grammar that captures the phenomenological experience of terror felt by people of color in the United States. The paper focuses on Baldwin’s use of the demonic in his novel If Beale Street Could Talk, and in essays on film criticism in The Devil Finds Work, and seeks a theological interpretation of his usage of the category.  

Jan S. Jones, Samantha R. Murray, and Kelly Warren, Wayland Baptist University. “Christian Leadership In A Secular World”

Over the past decades, corporate corruption and unethical behavior have risen steadily. This has caused organizations to be scrutinized and led to a corporate environment of distrust and suspicion.  Because of widespread ethical concerns, organizations have shown a renewed interest in the concept of workplace spirituality, for both the organization as well as the individual. One criticism of this stream of literature is that there is a lack of appropriate models of spiritual leadership particularly as it pertains to Christianity. Drawing from Jesus’ teachings, this research will offer several practical ways that will enhance true Christian leadership in secular organizations.

David C. Kneip, Abilene Christian University, “‘However We May Have Gathered It’: Using Privilege for the Sake of Others According to John Chrysostom and Basil of Caesarea”

This paper examines homilies by two important early Christian theologians -- John Chrysostom and Basil of Caesarea -- that address directly the proper uses of privilege for the sake of others. These two theologians were fundamentally convinced that the proper use of privilege is to benefit others, no matter how we may have acquired that privilege. This paper will explore microcosmic challenges in race relations that have arisen in the academic setting, in the Churches of Christ, in Christianity at large, and in our broader society.

David Langford, Quaker Avenue Church of Christ, Lubbock, TX, “A Tale of Two Colleges:  Reflections on the Beginning and Ending of the Gunter/Littlefield Bible Colleges”

After Texas becomes a state in 1845 no less than 92 colleges are established before 1900, over 90% religious (70) or private (14).  That trend continues into the next century until state colleges begin to become more predominant around 1917.  What were the motivations for these churches to start colleges? What factors allowed some to endure even to today but many more close? This paper looks at those questions and others particularly in reference to the Gunter/Littlefield Bible College established in Gunter, Tx in 1903 moving to Littlefield, Tx in 1928 and closing abruptly in 1930.

Mason Lee, Princeton Theological Seminary, “Prophets and Sour Grapes: Wrestling with Tradition in Homiletical Theology”

Homiletical Theology understands the work of preaching to be continuing the “unfinished” task of theology. Embracing a fundamentally provisional nature, homiletical theology understands its work as the continual negotiation of the message of the Gospel with the contexts into which preaching speaks. This unfinished quality raises questions for how the preacher, in their theological task, navigates the various theological traditions they encounter. Using the example of the “sour grapes” proverb found in both Jeremiah and Ezekiel, this paper explores how Scripture itself wrestles with theological traditions to consider how present-day homiletical theologians might continue to wrestle with their “unfinished” task.

Brad Lemler, Howard Payne University, “Comparative Advantage, Specialization and Diversity – Biblical and Economic Perspectives:  A Faith Integration Exercise for International Business and Economics Classes”

Diversity is ever present in higher education.  The Trump administration has placed trade policy front and center.  Comparative advantage, specialization and gains from trade are standard topics in international business and economics classes.  Within this context, this paper presents a faith integration exercise I use in my classes.  Selected Scripture passages are examined, providing a biblical basis for considering 1) the source of diversity and 2) the role and necessity of diversity.  The resulting conclusions and implications provide a basis for evaluating trade policy from a biblical perspective.

J. Caleb Little, Baylor University, “The Deceiver Deceived: The Self-Deception of the Devil in Gregory of Nyssa”

The idea that the devil is deceived by God in the drama of redemption has been met with skepticism and opprobrium in modern theology. This paper examines Gregory of Nyssa’s articulation of the deception of the devil. I argue that for Gregory the deception of the devil takes place in a larger context of reversal, where the deception of the devil is a display of the great wisdom of God and the self-defeating nature of evil. I further argue that the devil’s deception is, in important respects, a self-deception, and that Gregory’s articulation of the deception of the devil provides important resources for contemporary reflections upon atonement.

Laurel Littlefield, Lipscomb University, “Physiology of Endurance Running: Current Consensus on Cardiovascular Responses”

Exercise is encouraged for improved health and reduction in risk for chronic disease, and the benefits of regular physical activity for the cardiovascular system are robust and well-known. There is a growing trend for increased participation in endurance and ultra-endurance events by amateur athletes. A better understanding of acute and chronic cardiovascular responses to sustained exercise sessions is needed in order to prevent over-training and adverse events. We review current literature related to cardiovascular physiology and responses to endurance exercise.

Jason Locke, Independent Researcher, Fresno, California, “Dealing with Racism in the DNA of West Coast Churches of Christ”

Racism has been a real and little-discussed problem among some West Coast Churches of Christ. True repentance and reconciliation are impossible until these stories are truthfully told and carefully processed.  This paper uses primary documents to tell such a story. In addition, this paper uncovers responses to this story and examines its impact on the contemporary church.

Jacob A. Lollar, Abilene Christian University, “Make Edessa Great Again: Refugees, Religion, and Reconstructing History in Late Antique Syria”

In 363 CE, a group of refugees arrived in Edessa from Nisibis—among them St. Ephrem the Syrian—and disrupted the social and religious equilibrium of the city. The refugees brought their (Nicene) Christian heritage to bear on Edessa’s diverse religious landscape and sought to establish their brand of Christianity as the only legitimate one. In this paper, I argue that this forced migration served as a catalyst for development of Christianity in Edessa. Using modern refugee studies as a heuristic, I argue for the role forced migration played in recalibrating Edessa’s myth of Christian origins in the Doctrina Addai and how refugees specifically played a role in (re)shaping Edessa’s future.

Jesse Long, Lubbock Christian University, “Perspective Criticism in Biblical Interpretation: A Point-of-View Reading of the David and Goliath Narrative”

To illustrate the heuristic value of Yamasaki’s Perspective Criticism for exegesis, this essay examines point of view (POV) in the story of David and Goliath (1 Sam 17). A POV analysis exposes a strategy of crafting a POV character (i.e., David), with whom, in spite of some distance between the reader and the protagonist, an implied reader is being led to identify. This reading also enables an interpreter to see aspects of the story that may lead to a more appropriate application in contemporary settings.

JoAnn Long, Lubbock Christian University and Jamie Roney, Covenant Health/Providence, “Research-Focused Academic-Clinical Partnerships in Nursing: Benefits and Challenges”

Achieving Magnet Recognition by hospitals is a growing trend. This trend reflects national gains in the number of BSN-prepared nurses and systematic improvements in nursing processes that lead to quality patient care and improved outcomes.  Research-focused academic partnership (RAP) can strategically support hospitals embarked on the Magnet journey by mentoring and modeling research and evidence-based practice skills and uptake by front-line nurses. This generative session will discuss the some of the benefits and challenges associated with creating and sustaining a long-term academic-clinical partnership.  Reflections on the synergistic impact of the five-year RAP between Lubbock Christian University’s Department of Nursing and Covenant Health/Providence will also be presented.  

Melissa Long, Rebekah Mullins, Marla Panzer, and Adam Ybarra, Abilene Christian University, “Interprofessional Education with Unexpected Professions: Using Simulated Learning for Patient Evaluation Skills”

Interprofessional education opportunities can present themselves in unexpected areas. While surface level evidence suggests that nursing and athletic training operate in individual silos, further exploration shows that the education of these two separate healthcare disciplines often overlap. While preceptors and instructors often struggle to find simulated patients, the students from each healthcare education field can act as such for each other. Additionally, well-planned IPE activities can allow students from each healthcare profession to fully appreciate how each other’s profession functions in their individual arena, as well as learn where skills overlap and how each profession lends itself to serve the other.

William E. Luttrell, Oklahoma Christian University, “Effects of a Series of Ketone Compounds on Liver Microsomal Aniline Hydroxylase Activity in Mice—Implications for Ketone-Drug Interactions in Exposed Workers”

Exposure to toxic chemicals in the workplace can alter the way the body responds to the administration of therapeutic drugs.  Studies have shown that ketones can produce liver microsomal enzyme enhancement.  One purpose of this study was to determine the effect of ketone pretreatment on microsomal aniline hydroxylase activity in the liver of mice in vivo.  Groups of mice were pretreated subcutaneously with 90% lowest published lethal dose for each of six ketone compounds and then sacrificed 12 hours later.  Liver microsomes were isolated and aniline hydroxylase activity was determined sphectrophotometrically.  Pretreatment with ketone compounds of increasing molecular weight caused an increase in liver aniline hydroxylase activity in mice.  This implies that workers exposed to these ketone compounds may be at risk for ketone-drug interactions.

Hope Martin, Abilene Christian University, “Assessment of Student Critical Thinking Utilizing a Maker Lab in an Occupational Therapy Curriculum”

This paper will discuss the outcome of assessing critical thinking at different intervals throughout the occupational therapy curriculum at Abilene Christian University. The authors wanted to determine if students utilizing Maker space skills in The Maker Lab at ACU combined with traditional pedagogical methods led to an increase in critical thinking skills.  The “Basic Standardized Test” from the Critical Thinking Foundation was administered in three stages.  Preliminary results indicated about one-half of the measured components of critical thinking were significantly changed from the beginning of the first semester testing to the end of the first semester testing.

Abraham Mata, Lubbock Christian University, "(Dis)obedient nuns, (un)faithful priests and rebellious sheep: Struggles with chastity, poverty, and obedience in Spanish colonial sermons"

How can the Church reflect goodness, truth and beauty after so many scandals? How can the faithful pursue Wisdom while those in power victimize them? 400 ago, nuns and priests struggled with similar questions, grappling with the effects of systemic misogyny, injustice, and racism in Spanish colonial America. This presentation will offer a brief comparative analysis of three colonial texts written by Sor Juana, António Núñez, and António Vieira, highlighting the importance of Mexican, Spanish, and Portuguese poems and sermons in understanding the successes, abuses, and power dynamics between the Church and the faithful in the Americas.

Mark McCallon, Abilene Christian University; Trey Shirley, Abilene Christian University; Camille Thomas, Texas Tech University; Brock Williams, Texas Tech University: “Disrupting the $150 Textbook: Faculty and Library Advocacy and Partnerships for Open Educational Resources”

Open education resources (OER) are bringing new options to higher education. Libraries often provide advocacy and services to support these initiatives on campuses. The university faculty has the agency to adopt these materials in their courses and conduct research on student performance. Lawmakers are mandating adoption of OER. All stakeholders are concerned with the financial, pedagogical and access issues open educational resources seek to address. This panel of faculty and librarians will explore how OER initiatives have affected education at institutions in West Texas, and the partnerships that have developed between the Library and faculty at the respective campuses.

Mike McGalliard, Harding University, “Medical Missions as an Integral Feature in Physical Therapy Curriculum”

Healthcare education is traditionally an information heavy curriculum.  It is often difficult to include transformational curricular experiences that affect the heart and worldview.  The purpose of this presentation is to describe the integration of a required medical missions curriculum in Christian healthcare education at Harding University Physical Therapy.  In addition, this presentation will discuss successes, challenges, and future considerations involved in implementation.  Integrated medical missions curricula in Christian healthcare education provide clinical experiences not typically available in the United States. Furthermore, it allows transformative spiritual and intercultural experiences that challenge faith and worldview, as well as perceptions of healthcare, and materialism.

Amy McLaughin-Sheasby, Boston University School of Theology, “Witnessing Wounds: Toward a Trauma-Informed Homiletic”

Many writers in the field of homiletics have explored the significant, manifold challenges of preaching in the midst of suffering. However, very few scholars have worked towards the development of a trauma-informed homiletic, which seeks to reconceive of preaching through the philosophical, ethical, and social implications of trauma in faith communities. This paper will explore the mode of witnessing (drawing upon Thomas Long and Anna Carter Florence, as well as philosopher Kelly Oliver) as a potential avenue for the construction of new paradigms, shaped by ethical obligations and philosophical challenges in trauma-informed preaching.

Doug Mendenhall, Abilene Christian University, “Seeking Truth: Journalism History and Ethics”

This paper will describe four sets of factors that have a bearing on the intersection of Christianity and journalism in a contemporary American setting. Those factors are: 1) The 250-year transformation of news and journalism that has culminated in modern concepts and practices. 2) The positive and negative consequences of technological progress for society and for journalism. 3) The common ground for journalistic principles and Judeo-Christian principles. 4) The expression of contemporary journalistic principles as seen in the Society of Professional Journalists Code of Ethics.

Bryan Nash, Eastview Church of Christ, Salem, IN, “The View of the Other: Preaching the Marginalized Character in the Text”

This paper suggests that perspective criticism can contribute to current discussions within homiletics. An understanding of point of view dynamics in storytelling can assist the preacher in crafting sermons which honor “the other.” A sample sermon from Acts 16:16-18 will be used to show how preachers might use the spatial plane, psychological plane, informational plane, temporal plane, phraseological plane, and ideological in the sermon in order to move the congregation toward greater hospitality.

Amanda J. Nichols, Oklahoma Christian University, “Training Undergraduates to Write Both Technically and Non-Technically in the Sciences”

This presentation focuses on the preparation of students for graduate and professional schools. Interdisciplinary work highlights the importance of communicating science to wider audiences. The presentation includes of a brief literature review about writing in the sciences including interdisciplinary-type, non-technical writing and an overview of writing assignments in an introductory chemistry course, primarily for pre-nursing majors. Writing assignments include traditional technical science writing as well as non-technical scientific essays for general audiences. Students are given guidelines and rubrics as well as instructor feedback. Finally, we will outline the lessons learned as well as the student feedback.

Henry North, Harding University College of Pharmacy, “Vision Screening with the Searcy Lions Club and Tender Loving Care”

Since 1947, the Searcy Lions Club has provided eye care in the White County, AR area.  With a population of 77,076, the median household income was $42,554 in 2015 (19.7% live in poverty). A common discussion point is the lack of financial assistance for eye care. In 2017, we purchased a Welch Allyn VS100 Spot Vision Screener to use year round. Partnering with Karen Marshall, nurse and owner of Tender Loving Care daycare, we can quickly detect vision issues in patients from six months throughout adulthood and provide further assistance. Our goal is to screen everyone in White County!

Yukikazu Obata, Ibaraki Christian University, “Friendship Across the Pacific: The Outcome of O. D. Bixler’s Mission During the Post-Pacific War Era”

Mission historian Dana Robert argues that cross-cultural friendship is a key to understand a successful aspect of twentieth century Christian missions (Robert, 2011). In the history of Church of Christ missions in Japan, O. D. Bixler (1896-1968) stands out as a missionary who established one of the most notable personal relationships with the Japanese (Hooper, 2017). By focusing on the ways in which Bixler engaged political and intellectual leaders of Japan during the post-Pacific War era, I argue that his work outside the church, based on his friendships, should be recognized as an important form of mission.

Noemí Palomares, Boston College, “Judicial Images of the Deity within the Psalter”

The petitions in the Psalms reflect legal terminology as they are concerned with justice. Psalms scholars have rightly highlighted this legal terminology and the deity’s judicial role of “Judge.” Psalmic petitions, however, invoke different phases of the legal process, and therefore distinct images of God. I will argue that the psalmists’ petitions concerning enemies highlight three phases of judgment: gathering evidence, courtroom deliberation, and execution of punishment. These distinct phases portray God with three different legal images: accountant, judge, and executioner. I will also discuss the logic behind these images and their implications for the Psalms.

George D. Parks, FuelScience LLC, “Writing in the Corporation: A Critical Career Skill”

Scientists and engineers embarking on an industrial career often find that they must learn to write in a new and different style. Writing for and presenting to decision makers with significant demands on their time requires different strategies and methods. This presentation will discuss the differences between academic and business writing and how businesses reeducate employees to make them more effective communicators. The presentation will also describe how communication skills can influence a researcher’s career for better or worse.

Vanda Pauwels, Lubbock Christian University, “Teaching Business Ethics: Incorporating Behavioral Insights”

At LCU, business ethics instruction has a strongly normative emphasis.  One of the tools we use is the deliberative model of James Rest.  While the Rest model can be applied in a normative way (e.g., by emphasizing the Judgment step), it also points explicitly toward behavioral issues (e.g., converting Intention into Action).  Recently, Moore and Gino (2015) have proposed revisions to the Rest model—revisions that further emphasize behavioral issues.  This presentation will discuss the use of the Rest model to teach business ethics, and the refinements suggested by Moore and Gino.

Carlos Perez, Lubbock Christian University, “Postmodern Phenomenology of 21st Century Relationships”

This paper will examine the issues of 21st Century relationships in the film Ex-Machina. The film will be interrogated from a phenomenological and postmodern approach. With the creating an artificial intelligence in the film, the postmodern approach will be to explore the phenomena of relationships with other people, what the created intelligence symbolically represents in our culture of relationships, and what our relationships are becoming. Postmodern concepts to discuss and interpret the film with will be: the co-construction of knowledge, meaning-making through lived experiences, and the use of language to represent reality.

Matt Pinson, Highland Church of Christ, Abilene, TX, “Envisioning a Pathway to Discipleship at Highland Church of Christ”

This paper explores a case study of how Highland Church of Christ in Abilene, Texas developed a “pathway” for members and guests to engage more deeply in the life of church, and used icons to help communicate this new church-wide initiative. In the summer of 2018 the Highland staff set out to create an easily communicated set of steps for members and guests who wanted to be more involved in the life of the church. Each of the four steps on the pathway had an icon developed based on a specific Christian sacrament: Worship, Table, Baptism, Cross.

Jared Poole, University of Utah, “No prophet is accepted in his hometown: Race, religion, and moral identity in the Christian hip hop industry”

In this paper, I conduct a narrative analysis on histories of the Christian hip hop industry that were provided by artists and content creators active in that community. I find that my informants use resources afforded by their racial and Christian identities to make sense of the past and to articulate expectations for the future. This analysis provides evidence for the historicity of institutional logics and points to the ways in which racial and religious identities shape how people relate to important stories surrounding their work

Don N. Pope, Abilene Christian University, “Simulating Engineered Data Sets for Teaching Statistics and Analytics”

Traditional inferential statistics provides theoretical tools for drawing conclusions about population parameters from observed sample statistics, given certain assumptions and caveats about the data.  It is also useful to present statistical concepts from the opposite perspective, generating large numbers of simulated sample data sets from various possible populations and then assessing the likelihood of an observed sample.  In this presentation, spreadsheet methods are demonstrated for generating simulated data sets for use in teaching traditional t-tests, chi-squared tests, ANOVA and regression, and also large multi-variable data sets with engineered characteristics for courses in analytics. 

Paul Prill, Lipscomb University, "Conservative Christian Colleges and the Rhetoric of Marginalization"

As conservative Christian colleges attempt to create more welcoming spaces for LGBTQ persons, they face considerable dissonance with longstanding arguments stigmatizing sexual minorities. This paper argues that Christian colleges and other Christian organizations have faced similar issues with race and the role of women. I will argue that the structure of the Biblical/theological/historical arguments marginalizing people of color and women are identical to those marginalizing LGBTQ persons. I will then suggest ways of developing a more generous position on sexual minorities.

Marcia Prior-Miller, Iowa State University, “Boundary Spanning and Boundary Spanners: Bridging Gaps, Exploring New Directions”

This presentation explores the proposition that human acts of communication are de facto boundary spanning. Drawing on boundary theory, which focuses on points of difference and overlap between people, organizations, knowledge, and culture, the focus is on conceptualizing each juncture as having potential to separate and to connect, providing opportunities for transition or change. A targeted literature review forms a base for discussing the concept’s practical importance, including intersections of scholarly work—in classroom, research / creative work, and service—and inquiry that might examine the Stone-Campbell movement’s sometimes conflicted views of boundaries in relationships, personal and organizational.

Karen Randolph, Lubbock Christian University, “Art and Technology Trending in Schools of Business “

After forty-one years of teaching art in various departments of a university, including the School of Business, I’m often ask, “What are you doing in a School of Business!” This presentation is the answer to why we are trending in the School of Business as Digital Media Arts (DMA). It will explain how this program has proven to be an effective and successful path to employment for our art graduates.  The presentation also addresses some of the ways in which emerging technology trends blur lines, overlap boundaries, and morph academic disciplines.

Lamar Reinsch, Lubbock Christian University, “John Breckenridge and the Search for an Honorable Defeat: Excellent Leadership in the Midst of Defeat”

This presentation describes the actions of John Breckenridge (Secretary of War, CSA) during the final weeks of the Confederacy in 1865.  Viewed through a well-established model of crisis management, Breckenridge provides a model of excellent leadership in difficult circumstances.  Breckenridge’s performance also provides an opportunity to better understand the tasks of leadership in the throes of failure or defeat.  Better understanding of leadership in the midst of defeat can help business practitioners when they face economic downturns, employee lay-offs, plant closings, bankruptcies, and other failures. 

Ryan Replogle, Hebrew Union College, “A Cognitive Grammar of Ancient Near Eastern Divine Imagery”

Contemporary religions as well as scholars struggle to understand ancient depictions of the divine in which deities are portrayed in seemingly literal anthropomorphic or cosmic terms. The common solution of these characterizations’ (especially as applied to Yahweh) being metaphorical, has rightfully been rejected as tendentious. I assert that viewing ancient depictions of the divine in terms of mental representation and meta-representation—ideas from cognitive science—allows appropriate literalness as well as an appropriate degree of ambiguity to be attributed to these anthropomorphic or cosmic attributes, resulting in a mediation position between the common dichotomy of literal identification and metaphor.

Kent Rhodes, Pepperdine University, "Perceived Spiritual Development of Graduates”

This study examined perceived spiritual development of graduates of Pepperdine University’s Master of Science in Organization Development. The program’s core design is based in transformative learning theory in the development of "self-as-instrument”. Results indicated program design positively impacted alumni perceptions of spiritual development, regardless of religious preference, particularly around reflection practices key to transformative learning theory. The study has implications for religious institutions and churches interested in further supporting spiritual formation and development. It also provides insight into the role spiritual formation might play in the development of leaders across various faith-based and secular organizations.

Ben Ries, Abilene Christian University, “Workplace Spirituality, Diversity, and the Contemplative Life”

Religious diversity in the workplace is becoming an unavoidable reality. Globalization and secularization are just two of the factors that have led to the growing diversity of religious commitments one experiences in their career. In recent years, organizations have increased awareness of "workplace spirituality" and developed policies, work groups, and opportunities that embrace a variety of faith traditions. As Christians encounter an increasingly diverse religious environment in their places of work, a contemplative posture is necessary as it both nurtures one's orientation to their faith while creating space to be open and hospitable to those with conflicting religious commitments.

Chris Riley, Abilene Christian University, “Turning the Other Cheek or Turning Over Tables? Pursuing Racial Healing through Christian College Core Curriculum”

This paper considers the latest research regarding politics and race relations on college campuses with a specific emphasis on curricular approaches to addressing civil discourse and racial healing.  In addition, this paper examines select Church of Christ-affiliated institutions in terms of the congruency between (1) their stated missions and goals related to diversity and racial unity and (2) their general education learning outcomes and course requirements.  Recommendations are made for pursuing civil discourse and racial unity in required core curriculum and the impact on students, higher education institutions, and Church of Christ congregations. 

Darrell Roe, Eastern New Mexico University, “‘Follow Your Heart’ to Hollywood Agnosticism: Wisdom-from-Within Themes as Humanities’ Highest Power”

Many of Hollywood’s most popular films are rife with themes of self-empowerment and self-actualization. This paper examines the wisdom-from-within dramatic premise integral to one prevalent movie paradigm: agnosticism. Films such as The Lion King and The Green Mile minimize the supernatural messianic account and diminish God’s power to an energy force within the human spirit (the “God is me” premise.) Films like Titanic remove God far away from human existence and focus on the power of human ingenuity (the “God is distant” premise). Schema theory is utilized to explain these processes of reality-making through visual and verbal exemplars

Mike Rogers, Abilene Christian University, “Unity Through Group Singing”

Philosophers have explicated the ideas of wisdom, goodness, truth, and beauty with disparate results. One concept that is offered in Scripture as a direct manifestation of goodness is the idea of unity. Psalm 133:1 states, “Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for brothers to dwell together in unity!” In this talk, I argue that believers singing together of God’s truths is the most unifying of all acts of corporate worship. For this I posit seven unifying forces at work in the process of simultaneous singing. Several of these factors will be demonstrated with live voices.

Anthony Jermaine Ross-Allam, Union Theological Seminary, “Resounding Terror: Remembering and Recomposing the Black Body Politic”

“Resounding Terror” combines memory and testimony with intergenerational dialogue to explore ethical patterns produced by terror-induced sounds and silences resonating across necropolitical geographies that promise and reward lynching. The paper describes Christian scholars’ responsibility to recompose the disintegrated black body politic through confession, testimony, and listening through an intention to co-construct a post-lynching black politic. Further, the presentation will explore transformative remembering via reflections by Mississippi-born Emmitt Till contemporary, composer/performer Wadada Leo Smith, on the role of his own memory and vision in the composition of Emmitt Till: Defiant, Fearless, from his Pulitzer Prize nominated album “Ten Freedom Summers.

Matthew Ruiz, Lipscomb University, “Psychology of Endurance Running: What we know and what’s to come”

Mirroring the growth in popularity of participation in endurance and ultra-endurance athletic events since the 1970’s, there also exists a keen interest in understanding the psychological effects of participating in such events. Ultra/endurance athletes sustain exercise for extremely long periods of time, placing unique demands on all aspects of the person, and the psychological effects of being exposed to such a stimulus demand unique attention. Psychological considerations range from internal mental concerns to external social perspectives. Working from the inside out, this session will highlight what is known about these extraordinary athletes and speculate as to what the future holds.

Gary S. Selby, Emmanuel Christian Seminary at Milligan College, “Bodies, Communities, and Social Imaginaries: Practicing Holistic Spiritual Formation at Emmanuel Christian Seminary”

Contemporary thought about Christian spiritual formation reflects a turn away from conceptions of spirituality rooted in a “body-mind” dualism, where spiritual growth is viewed primarily as the acquisition of inner knowledge. Instead, spiritual formation is viewed much more holistically, as the development of a Christian social imaginary nurtured through embodied, communal practices. This paper explores some key themes in contemporary Christian spirituality and describes ways that Emmanuel Christian Seminary, Milligan College, seeks to encourage spiritual growth in the formation of first-year ministry students.

Andrew C. Setliff, Isabella G. Sifuentes, Lucy Porter, Andy M. Laughlin, Bart D. Durham, and Douglas J. Swartz, Lubbock Christian University, “Monitoring Antibiotic Resistance Derived from Indirect Potable Water Reuse in a Naïve Ecosystem”

Indirect Potable Water Reuse (IPWR) conserves water supplies by capturing treated wastewater in a reservoir and recycling it for human use. The safety of IPWR is established, but IPWR effects on reservoir ecosystems are poorly understood. Therefore, we are studying a lake that recently became an IPWR reservoir. Quarterly water and fish samples are analyzed for a variety of metrics including the quantity and antibiotic resistance profiles of two indicator bacteria. Initial data indicate a minimal basal antibiotic resistance level. This will serve as a baseline to monitor if IPWR contributes to antibiotic resistance increases over time in this ecosystem.

Nathan Shank, Oklahoma Christian University, “Diverse Scholarship: A Case Study in Applying Composition Theories to Technical & Business Writing”

This research applies theories typically used in Composition and Rhetoric into a Technical and Business Communication course. From the perspective of composition history, the default methods in Technical Writing and Business Communication tend to fit the intentions of “current-traditional pedagogy” and so suggest the value of applying recent Composition Pedagogies. Specifically, the presentation studies how process, post-process and genre theories of Composition Pedagogy develop five different assignments in Technical Writing. The goal of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness that Composition and Writing theories have on Technical & Business Communication courses.

Trey Shirley, Abilene Christian University, Convener, “Projecting a Vision: A Case Study on the Relationship Between Environmental Projection and Liturgy at Oak Hills Church”

Projection screens are central features of most large Protestant churches in America today (Kilde, 2008). In fact, it would now be more surprising to see a large church without projection capabilities than one with an expensive, top-of-the-line multimedia production system. This has not always been the case, though.  From an historical perspective, the rapid growth and widespread adoption of these technological aids is phenomenal. Rarely in the history of the Christian church has a single innovation been embraced so widely and quickly. This paper explores the influence of projection media on liturgical practices through a case study of Oak Hills Church.

Chris Shrock, Ohio Valley University, “Revenge of Scottish Enlightenment Objectivity: Thomas Reid and Beauty as Secondary Quality”

Since the days of David Hume and Immanuel Kant, most philosophers have regarded beauty as a subjective reaction to stimuli rather than an object of veridical perception. However, Hume and Kant’s contemporary, Thomas Reid, defended a long-neglected account of beauty that identified it with objective excellence. Sadly, that approach has been overlooked because of its connection to his long-misunderstood theory of secondary qualities (heat, smell, color). In this paper, I present Reid’s analysis of beauty and its justifications anew, with the aim of motivating its intellectual appeal and contemporary relevance, by capitalizing on new readings of Reid on secondary qualities.

Macy SkipworthTexas Tech University, “In Defense of Movies: Navigating Narrative Film in the College Classroom”

Though film is most often used when teaching literature, this presentation illustrates how evaluating a narrative film clip is a useful practice in several disciplines including history, philosophy, ministry, and even psychology. In this participatory presentation, we walk through a crash course on film form’s four major elements: mise-en-scène, cinematography, editing, and sound. As we watch clips of Baz Luhrmann’s adaptation of The Great Gatsby, we look at both the what and how of the film, learning basic film terminology in order to critically analyze some of the film’s stills and clips.

Clay Smith, Baylor University, “Proclaiming Chaos, Asserting Order: The ?erem in Jeremiah.”

Jeremiah represents a development of Deuteronom(ist)ic ?erem traditions as a response to anxieties created by the Babylonian exile. On one hand, Jeremiah depicts Israel as a victim of ?erem as a description of its demise (25:9). What once functioned as an assertion of Israel’s identity becomes a mark of identity crisis. On the other hand, Jeremiah envisions Yahweh’s demanding that Babylon become a victim of ?erem (50:21, 26; 51:3). This iteration of ?erem moves beyond Deuteronom(ist)ic ideology, which limits the practice to the land of inheritance, and represents a unique assertion of Yahweh’s power over the people, land, and gods of Babylon.

Leanne Smith, Lipscomb University, “Teaching from My Website”

The goal of this interactive presentation is to demonstrate the benefits of using a personal website as a teaching platform. Students are benefitted by no longer having to purchase a textbook, and having continued access to content post-graduation. Educators are benefitted by ease of upload and revisions. Building a personal website is an investment of time, money, and energy and may not be a good choice for every educator. But for those seeking to model and illustrate the type of content our students will be asked to create in their future career pursuits, and who make professional presentations outside the classroom, it can be a powerful resource and branding tool.

Kipp Swinney, Baylor University, “Yahweh – Wielder of Nations, Destroyer of Kingdoms: The Warhammer in Jeremiah 51:20-24.”

Scholarship on Jeremiah 51:20-24 focuses on the identity of the text’s addressee, identified as Yahweh’s warhammer. Most exegetes identify Babylon as the weapon, but I argue that previous treatments inadequately address the passage’s focus, namely Yahweh as the divine warrior. Yahweh may employ any nation as a weapon. The text creatively invokes deeds of Babylon performed as a weapon of Yahweh to reverse Babylon’s status as Yahweh’s tool to being Yahweh’s victim. The context of the passage unequivocally focuses on Yahweh’s punishing Babylon, leading to the logical identity of the warhammer being Babylon’s enemy, namely the king of the Medes.

Olander Thomas, Duke University, “Jubilee Justice in a Context of Terror: A Homiletical Perspective”

This paper examines narratives of justice, liberation, and hope in the context of the Civil Rights Movement.  In conversation with Martin Luther King, Jr., and other prophetic figures in the period, the paper analyzes the wisdom and truth of jubilee justice from a homiletical perspective.  In dialogue with Angela Sims’ Lynched, the paper interrogates jubilee justice and the obstacles facing jubilee justice.  Although the obstacles perpetuate a culture of fear and violence regarding political economics and social circumstances, jubilee justice provides transformation, hope, and restorative justice.

Michael Van Huis, Abilene Christian University, “A Modest Proposal for Measuring Bias”

This paper explores bias in relation to an agent’s pursuit of some epistemic good (e.g., truth, knowledge, or understanding). More precisely, it proposes a set of conditions that could measure the instrumental value or effects of bias as it relates to an agent’s epistemic evaluations. The effects are contingent upon—at least prima facie—whether that bias is relevant to the domain of inquiry, whether that bias is acknowledged, and whether that bias precludes an agent from seriously considering counter objections. The paper also considers whether all three conditions are necessary for measuring the instrumental value of bias.  

Marsha Vaughn, Judson University, "#MeTooPhD: An Exploration of Reports of Sexual Harassment and Abuse in Religious Studies Programs and Liberal Arts Institutions"

Public awareness of sexual harassment has grown recently, partly attributed to social media campaigns. In late 2017, an open-source survey collected stories of sexual harassment in academia under the hashtag #MeTooPhD; over 2400 stories had been shared by August 2018. This paper will be a content analysis of a subset: (1) incidents shared by religion scholars, and (2) incidents at small liberal arts and/or religious colleges. While this study does not exclusively focus on Christian higher education, results will be compared to existing literature on gender dynamics in that context.

Miroslav Volf, Yale Divinity School, “Religion in 2068: Humanity and What Matters the Most in the Age of Artificial Intelligence”  

For both Miroslav Volf and Landon Saunders, the central question of our time is “Who are we?” Saunders situates his work in the space between “church” and “those outside religious institutions” finding language and concepts that are true to the heart of the Gospel but resonate with those outside. Fitting with this vision, Volf’s presentation expresses itself in the form of questions: “In 50 years, will religion be rendered superfluous or will there always remain a domain of human experience unreachable by sciences and technology to which religions will continue to speak? If religion remains alive, what role will it have?”

Stephen Watters, SIL International, “Truth and Beauty in Language Diversity”

The beautiful reminds us of God even if we may not be aware of His image hidden in its form. An extension of this understanding of beauty is explored here by looking at language diversity, which may seem an impediment, even a curse, to the expression of Christian truth and beauty. It is shown here, however, that language diversity contains a veritable treasure trove of "gleams of divine truth," or reminders of God. This will be exemplified with words and expressions for “love” and “forgiveness” in the languages of the Himalaya.

Katrina Weir, Eastern New Mexico University, "The Faith of the African-American Matriarch: How Mother-Daughter Relationships Influence the Culture of Christian Black Women"

Every strong Black woman gets her strength and determination from a virtuous mother: a mother who demonstrates a strong faith in God through her example and relationship with Jesus Christ. She gives knowledge to her daughters that transcends into a culture of worthiness. Black mothers as influencers, who teach their children how to break through stereotypes and barriers, are crucial to the development of Black women today. This paper explores the effects of Black mothers of faith on their daughters’ journeys through college, career, and success.

Robert Wells, Hospice of Lubbock, “Cross-pressured Faith in a Secular Age: Phenomenology, Method, and Narrating Christian Identity” 

Charles Taylor argues in, A Secular Age, that secularism is not to be understood as the absence of belief but the multiplicity of accounts of belief and non-belief. The multiplicity of accounts introduce "cross-pressures" which influence the conditions for belief in contemporary Western culture. This paper describes some phenomenological aspects of faith in a secular age and in particular the epistemological crisis that can be initiated by these cross-pressures making faith contestable. The paper proposes that critical realism provides a promising methodology for interdisciplinary engagement, pluralistic dialogue, and narration of Christian identity in the midst of these cross-pressures.

Daniel B. Whitefield, Carnegie Mellon University, Li Lan, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Shelly Payton, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Kris N. Dahl, Carnegie Mellon University, “Chromatin Mechanical Response to a Variety of Clinically Relevant Stimuli”

Chromatin is a mobile polymer network made up of DNA organized with packaging proteins and can alter its mobility in response to stimuli including DNA damage. Here, we utilize a particle tracking technique developed in our lab, known as Sensors of Intra-Nuclear Kinetics (SINK), to measure mobility of chromatin. Using SINK, we compare different structural regions of chromatin and show that heterochromatin and euchromatin have different mobilities until DNA repair is underway. We also compare chromatin mobility between breast cancer cell lines and consider the impact of drug treatment on the ability of chromatin to repair after chemotherapeutic-induced damage. 

Mark Wiebe, Lubbock Christian University, “Pain and Privation: A Constructive Defense of an Augustinian View of Evil”

Under the “privative” view, evil is properly describable as an absence of some natural good. This view has recently come under sustained criticism, which falls largely into two categories. According to one objection, the privative view fails to track with people’s experience of suffering. A second objection focuses on the doctrine’s logic, contending that the view involves inconsistencies. This paper will defend and develop Augustine’s privative view, with concessions to these objections, arguing that discussions regarding evil must take seriously people’s experience of the reality of pain and suffering while a privative view provides the best descriptive and conceptual framework for such a project.

Mark Wilkinson, Lubbock Christian University,Spirituality in the Nursing Classroom”

Spirituality is in the DNA of nursing. Modern nursing continues the connection from our historical roots of Florence Nightingale being trained by Pastor Theodore Fleidner in Kaiserworth, Germany to the current evidence based practice of caring for the whole person. Pain and suffering are beyond the scope of the medical model and must be addressed in the nursing model to include the spiritual dimension. Bringing spirituality of nursing into the classroom can help to empower the nurse to have a more holistic framework caring for the mind, body, and spirit.

Jenifer Wolf Williams, Abilene Christian University, “Neighbors and Borders: Leading Faith Communities Toward Just, Peaceful, and Moral Immigration Responses”

Current political conflict regarding immigration brings opportunities and tensions to faith bodies everywhere.  Church responses range from sanctuary and activism to fear, anger, and silence. This paper offers historical and psychological insights into the complexities of U.S. immigration and social response. This paper emphasizes evidence-based actions that draw from studies in community peacebuilding to promote moral recovery, particularly at church, community, and national levels.   

Eric Wilson, Pepperdine University, “Sacred Dramaturgy: The Craft and Care of Student Spiritual Formation”

Spiritual formation in general and student spiritual formation specifically is more fine art than the development of an amalgamation of programming.  Today, universities have a unique opportunity to disenthrall themselves of the need for more programming and embrace more poetic, organic and relational engagement.  Utilizing the lens of performance theory many of the activity, frameworks, and methodologies of student spiritual formation have been reimagined at Pepperdine University.  Sacred Dramaturgy attempts to highlight a number of the ways the Office of the Chaplain has reimagined the work of student spiritual formation in a Christian Higher Ed. context.  

Gary Yamasaki, Anabaptist Mennonite Biblical Seminary, “Perspective Criticism: The Deciphering of Point-of-View Crafting in Biblical Narrative”

While study of the evangelists’ editing work on their gospels has provided fresh insights into the interpretation of gospel passages, Narrative Criticism’s study of the literary features of biblical narrative has not had “interpretation” as its focus. However, Perspective Criticism—a methodology seeking interpretive insights specifically in the point-of-view (POV) crafting in biblical narrative texts—has unearthed evidence suggesting that POV crafting is capable of providing something like positive and negative characterization of characters. This paper will explore whether the POV crafting of Saul in Acts 9:1-6 intends empathy for a negatively characterized character, qualifying Saul as an “anti-hero.”

John York, Lipscomb University, “Rebirthing a Church without Losing the Kingdom Location”

Churches experiencing years of decline typically look to options like trying harder, finding the most gracious way of dying, liquidating assets, or making significant changes to worship, all in hopes of creating new life. The West End church has opted for another option: rebirth the community of faith by reimagining the use of space and life together. Nashville does not need another white, male dominated middle-class church, or another attractional Sunday assembly.  Taking cues from church planters, kingdom focused non-profits, and others, the West End church is asking fresh questions to reimagine our community gatherings as a “third space” community.